💥Today I will open the curtain to you in the world of amazing secrets, into which I dedicate my guests on excursions: ⠀
💥 "Fortress. Monastery. Filling" 💥
(read the description of the tour here)
So MONASTERIES‼ ️ ⠀
✔In fact, in the direction from the Arsenalnaya metro station to the Pechersk Lavra since ancient times there were as many as three monasteries: ⠀
✔ The youngest of them - Maiden St. Voznesensky - disappeared forever from the map of Kiev ✔ The most famous is the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ⠀
✔The most ancient is known from legends: ⠀
💥 "... at the beginning of the XII century there was a forest where in 1113 the son of Vladimir Monomakh, Mstislav, was hunting. And in the forest he came across a pillar with an icon of Nicholas nailed to it, from which a radiance emanated ...." 💥
The monastery was placed around this pillar. And this whole side of Mazepa Street, and before that just Nikolskaya street, was called so in honor of the monastery. It stretched from Glory Square to Arsenalnaya and all belonged to the Nikolo-Pustynny Monastery. There are still some remains of this monastery, I have something to show you, we are waiting for you on our excursion.
‼ ️And today I want to tell you about the Maiden Holy Ascension Monastery, which no longer exists. It began its existence on the territory of the Pechersk monastery for men. Surprised⁉️
😯Yes, it was so, for many centuries women's monasteries were located ... in men's monasteries. There were simply no separate convents. The women, of course, lived, apart from the monks - but inside the fenced-in territory of the male monastery. This tradition dates back to Byzantium, and the most famous monastery in Kiev was no exception.
✔ The first reason for such a female-male hostel is simple: the military threat ...
It is not easy to imagine a detached female abode and the constant raids of the Polovtsians or Tatars.
✔ The second reason was the need for a priest, he symbolizes Christ and therefore only a man can be a priest.
The Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was also a male-female abode. The earliest reliable date can be called the 1540s - a testament dating from this decade belongs to a nun of the Pechersk Monastery and transfers her estate to the ownership of the Lavra.
Why "Devichy" (in english - "girlish")?
Only young ladies from the upper class could get into the Pechersk community.
The word "woman" in Russian until the end of the 19th century was a definition for the common people, but not for the upper class. The words "devitsa" in Russian (as opposed to the common people "girl"), then meant unmarried representatives of the elite of society.
Therefore, on the territory of the Russian Empire, which since 1654 included Kiev, "Devichy" and "Novodevichy" monasteries were for girls from noble, boyar families.
In the 1610s, Archimandrite Elisey Pletenetsky initiated the construction of the Pechersk women's monastery outside the territory of the Pechersk monastery. From that time on, the monastery was mentioned very actively: both in the wills of the Ukrainian gentry, and in the notes of St. Peter Mohyla. In the descriptive part of the map, the monastery is described as "the monastery of Panyan, where there are many princesses, voivodzhanki, noble women."
On the plan of the Lavra in 1638, the location of the Maiden St. Voznesensky Monastery is indicated on the place where the building of the Old Arsenal (now “Mystetsky Arsenal”) has been located since the end of the XVIII.
In 1681-1707, the monastery was headed by the abbess Maria-Magdalene, the mother of Ivan Mazepa, who a few years after her appointment to the abbess became the Ukrainian hetman.
In the 1700s, there were protracted hostilities between Russia and Sweden, and Kiev was under the threat of capture. To protect the strategic point in 1706, Peter I organized the creation of the Old Pechersk (officially: Kiev) fortress.
The fortress was supposed to include the structures of the Pechersk Lavra - however, everything that surrounds the Lavra was subject to destruction. The sword also hung over the Maiden Monastery.
In 1711-1712, the inhabitants of the monastery had to leave the newly built beautiful monastery and move to the Florovsky monastery in Podil.
Ask questions and book a tour: ⠀
📲 + 380 66 05 77 333 Valentina ⠀
📲 + 380 50 97 97 679 Julia ⠀